Gypsum is a useful mineral material. It is extensively applied as construction material, most of which is produced as plaster for painting walls or
making decorative material in buildings. Some gypsum ore deposits contain about 80% gypsum, which is excellent for producing plaster.
Raw gypsum ore could be processed into a variety of products such as a portland cement additive,soil conditioner, industrial and building plasters, and gypsum wallboard.
Gypsum ore, from quarries and underground mines, is crushed and stockpiled near a plant. Asneeded, the stockpiled ore is further crushed and screened to about 50 millimeters (2 inches) in diameter. If the moisture content of the mined ore is greater than about 0.5 weight percent, the ore must be dried in a rotary dryer or a heated roller mill. Ore dried in a rotary dryer is conveyed to a roller mill, where it is ground to the extent that 90 percent of it is less 149 micrometers (µm)(100 mesh). The ground gypsum exits the mill in a gas stream and is collected in a product cyclone. Ore is sometimes dried in the roller mill by heating the gas stream, so that drying and grinding are accomplished simultaneously and no rotary dryer is needed. The finely ground gypsum ore is known as landplaster, which may be used as a soil conditioner.
Gypsum processing equipment differs significantly in scale and level of technology. some plants produce one or two tonnes per day using low-cost manual technologies, some other plants of a thousand tonnes per day that are highly mechanized and capable of producing different types and grades of gypsum plaster or plaster boards.
There are five basic stages in gypsum processing:
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